Tropical species down 60 percent

>> Thursday, October 14, 2010

The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) wildlife in tropical areas has declined by 60 percent since 1970.

iconic species as tigers, turtles, gorillas, hundreds of birds such as white-rumped vultures are threatened, and thousands of lesser known animals.

freshwater species in the tropics are down 70 percent fatal, with animals as the pink dolphin Amazon already endangered.

The report blamed the rate of human consumption, which doubled in less than fifty years, which means cut down forests, sea fishes and grasslands plowed for agriculture.

The Living Planet Index "found that the number of species of 8000 2,500 people around the world by 30 percent.

But wild in temperate climates have actually increased by 30 percent over the past 40 years, countries such as Britain seek to protect species.

David Nussbaum, chief executive of WWF UK, said the difference is caused by the rich plunder the resources of poor countries while protecting the environment in their own backyard.

He warned that if the trend continues the world will run short of not only natural resources but the damage that the "ecosystem services" such as the cycles of water and clean air all people depend.

"The loss of biodiversity and habitats undermining the natural systems we depend on the food we eat, the air we breathe and the climate of stability we need. The exhaustion of natural resources is a major risk to our economic security, such as resource shortages and degradation of natural systems, the price of food, raw materials and other commodities increased - for producers and consumers, "he said.

WWF has calculated the "ecological footprint" of each country by measuring the amount of carbon, water and other resources consumed by an average person.

Overall the world with 50 percent more resources in the world that the world can offer.

Rich countries like Britain are using three times the amount of resources the planet can support, while African countries use a fraction of what they are entitled.

Mr. Nussbaum said that people in rich countries consume more because most food and the house is now made from raw materials in the tropics. For example green beans from Kenya flight, or cotton shirts made in Bangladesh.

There is also a new trend for land grabbing ", where rich countries with a strong presence buy large parts of the world's poor to grow because they are short of food and water.

Mr. Nussbaum has urged people less meat and supply of products with a low carbon footprint food.

At the same time, he said governments should move towards a green economy in which energy from wind or solar energy produced is so that people have a lower carbon footprint and less impact on the rest World

"We must recognize our responsibility to the planet not only protect nature where we live, but to protect the nature around the world and ensure that everyone can enjoy what nature provides for us," he said.
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